Even the most reliable mechanism breaks down from excessive loads, and such a delicate, complex, and fragile apparatus like the human psyche is no exception. Nervous system disorders are by no means uncommon today, and there is nothing strange about it. Modern life puts forward many requirements, and people, trying to meet them, often overexert themselves and experience stress. And from constant stress to nerves disorders is only half a step.
Disorders of the nerves are a whole group of neuropsychiatric diseases, including neuroses, depression, and various psychosomatic disorders. Separately, it is worth mentioning such a phenomenon as a nervous breakdown, an acute phase of a nervous system disorder, for example, neurosis.
Nervous system disorders are more common than the common cold. Approximately 90% of people have encountered them at least once. However, it is difficult to keep statistics since many people prefer to endure life’s upheavals without going to doctors, without resorting to psychotherapy.
The danger of earning a nervous system disorder in the modern world is enormous. Almost everyone is in one or another risk group. More susceptible to nervous system disorders:
- People with an anxious personality type often worry about things that haven’t happened yet and constantly blame themselves for past mistakes.
- Workaholics work excessively and constantly overwork.
- People who have relationship problems with friends, family members, or colleagues.
- People who abuse alcohol, smokers, those who take drugs.
- People with low self-esteem.
- Overly responsible people with an excellent student’s complex.
- People whose parents suffered from certain nervous system disorders.
- People are suffering from severe pathologies, especially diseases of the liver, thyroid gland, cancer.
- People who are preparing for major life changes or have recently gone through them. It is not so important whether these changes were positive or not. The risk group includes those who have recently divorced or suffered loss, as well as newlyweds, young parents, and careerists who have received a long-awaited promotion.
Symptoms of the disorders of the nerves
The specific symptomatology depends on the type of disorder. However, there are general symptoms that appear in almost everyone who suffers from disorders of the nerves:
- Anxiety, dark thoughts, fear of the future.
- Constant fatigue, decreased performance, drowsiness.
- Inability to concentrate decreased attention;
- Memory impairment.
- Obsessive thoughts.
Nervous system disorders affect not only mood and behavior but the entire body as a whole. Sometimes physical signs of a nervous system disorder appear earlier than cognitive ones, and it is they that make people wonder if everything is all right? After all, many people are used to not paying attention to their state of mind, but deteriorating health is another matter. Most often, nervous system disorders are accompanied by:
- Headaches, dizziness.
- Shortness of breath, palpitations, lump in the throat.
- Indigestion, loss of appetite.
- Pressure drops.
As a rule, these states are reactive; in other words, they arise through the fault of some external circumstances and experiences. However, sometimes they are caused not by some events and related feelings, but by endogenous or internal causes, due to which the metabolism and structure of nerve cells are disturbed. These reasons are very diverse. They range from diet errors and malabsorption of specific vitamins necessary for a normally functioning nervous system to serious diseases of the endocrine system and oncological diseases.
Disorders of the nerves
Nervous system disorders are varied, but most often, people are faced with the following:
- Neurasthenia. It is the name for long-term depression of the central nervous system, usually caused by prolonged stress. It is expressed by irritability, low mood, and decreased performance. With neurasthenia, people often complain of headaches, weakness, insomnia, and inability to concentrate. An agitated state is combined with lethargy and fatigue.
- Anxiety disorder. In this type of nervous system disorder, the person is constantly focused on disturbing thoughts and ideas. This state differs from delirium in that these ideas, in essence, are quite realistic. In other words, a person suffering from delusional ideas is afraid of being abducted by aliens. With an anxiety disorder, he cannot get rid of the fear of losing his job, betrayal, or illness. Various phobias also belong to this type of nervous system disorder. A person can understand that his fears are most likely unfounded, but he cannot stop thinking about them.
- Panic disorder. This type of nervous system disorder is characterized by sudden and unreasonable panic attacks and bouts of uncontrollable fear. A person experiences an inexplicable horror; they begin to choke, sweat, feel dizzy, have a fear of death, and experience tremors. Attacks last from a few minutes to half an hour and, in severe cases, occur daily. With mild panic disorder, attacks may occur only a few times a year, but the person is constantly waiting for a new attack and experiences nervousness.
- Depressive disorder. Although most people consider deep sadness to be the main symptom of depression, the disorder often manifests itself differently. Depressive disorder is not so much sadness as apathy, a loss of interest in everything that previously seemed essential and exciting. To a person in this state, everything seems meaningless. They see the future exclusively in black colors, and are prone to self-deprecation. Depression is often accompanied by drowsiness or severe insomnia, loss of appetite, weight gain or weight loss.
- Vegeto-vascular dystonia. Not being a nervous system disorder in the literal sense of the word, vegetative-vascular dystonia is nevertheless associated with such disorders. The autonomic nervous system controls the functioning of the entire body. It regulates pressure and heart rate, prepares muscles for tension, and more. In case of violations in its work, these mechanisms work inappropriately for the situation, for example, there is no danger, but the body reacts as if it is.
Which doctor should I go to for a nervous breakdown?
The best option would be a neuropsychiatric doctor who, to some extent, combines the functions of a neurologist and a psychiatrist. If it is impossible to make an appointment with this particular specialist, contact a psychiatrist or neurologist. A psychiatrist deals with what is associated with mood and self-awareness, a neurologist with physical manifestations of nervous system disorders, such as insomnia, headache, concentration disorders.
A psychologist and a psychotherapist will help only when mental illnesses are excluded, the diagnosis has been made, and the main goal is to return a person to normal life.
Features of the treatment of disorders of the nerves
Nervous system disorders arise out of nowhere; they are always the result of either long-term stress or some kind of disease. You need to fight the cause for a complete cure, change your life, or cure the underlying disease. However, this is a long process. That is why various remedies have been developed to treat nervous system disorders properly; all these methods make it possible to alleviate the condition while the disease is being fought. The manifestations of nervous system disorders are varied, and the treatment should be complex; only then will it give the desired and lasting effect.