Bruxism consists of grinding and tapping the teeth. Such teeth grinding can appear suddenly and last for a few seconds or minutes; they can also rub and squeeze. According to research data, bruxism occurs in 1-3% of the population. Moreover, it happens in both adults and children.
There are two types:
- Awake bruxism. It happens that in some people, when awake, manifests itself during nervous tension.
- Sleep bruxism. In other people, manifests itself in sleep. Most often, this type manifests itself in children. In this case, more than one attack can occur during the night.
Awake bruxism. A person can control this form; the reflex of closing the jaws can be suppressed. In addition, this form of the disease can be manifested by thumb sucking, constant lip-biting, etc.
The disease’s psychosomatics consists of the fact that in the process of nervous tension, the muscles of the jaw and face contract, and the teeth involuntarily contract. To eliminate the manifestations of bruxism, you must always keep the position of the jaws under control, especially in stressful situations. It is also recommended to visit a psychologist to learn how to manage your mental state in various situations.
Sleep bruxism. This disease at night is more dangerous since such uncontrolled teeth grinding leads to abrasion of the tooth enamel and trauma to the soft tissues surrounding the teeth. Moreover, the jaw joints suffer from such overstrain. Therefore, bruxism cannot be ignored and urgently needs to be treated. One of the most effective ways to protect teeth from excessive abrasion is a nightguard, which prevents the jaws from closing and protects the teeth from injury.
The main symptom of this disease is uncontrolled clenching of the jaws, accompanied by teeth grinding. These attacks occur involuntarily and suddenly and can be repeated several times a day.
Due to bruxism, a person becomes restless, irritable; their appetite disappears, pains in their ears and head appear, and they do not sleep well at night. After a while, teeth sensitivity increases, which gradually begins to deteriorate, and pain occurs in the jaws and muscles.
Usually, the disease manifests itself at night and intensifies during stressful situations or when overworked. But in some cases, it can also occur in the daytime, when a person has a strong compression of the jaw with overstrained chewing muscles. This occurrence is due to an unstable emotional state and overexcitation of the nervous system. Therefore, the appearance of bruxism in the childhood period (up to 6 years) is considered by experts to be quite normal. And in adults, teeth grinding is a kind of release of overvoltage during the day.
What are the dangers and consequences of bruxism? As a result of the manifestation of this disease in humans, the following negative changes occur:
- teeth wear out prematurely, as a result of which the height of the face decreases and early wrinkles appear
- chips and fractures form on teeth and dentures
- headaches and muscle fatigue appear
- insomnia occurs, accompanied by depression
- the normal functioning of the temporomandibular joint is disrupted
- the airways are narrowed
- because the lower jaw moves backward, sleep apnea occurs.
All these changes bring significant discomfort to the patient’s life, worsening his physical and emotional state.
The main causes and treatment
Until dentists and medical specialists have established the exact reasons for the appearance, some difficulties may arise when diagnosing and treating this disease. But most doctors believe that teeth grinding is caused by an increased tone of the chewing muscles, which is formed due to the abnormal structure of the jaws, pathological changes in the joints, and dental diseases.
Psycho-emotional reasons also play an essential role because, in 70% of cases, occurs due to stress, depression, and increased excitability of the nervous system. As a result, emotional instability is created, the face muscles are overextended, and the teeth begin to clench with great force. In the daytime, a person can still restrain this process, but you cannot have control over it at night.
Bruxism treatment. Treatment is a rather difficult problem. For the most part, such treatment depends on the development time, the causes, and the nature of the course of the disease. The earlier is diagnosed, the more successful the treatment will be.
It is not recommended to fight bruxism on your own. It is essential to consult a specialist at the first signs of such a disease. They will professionally advise and prescribe competent treatment. You also need to know that in children in certain cases do not require treatment. The fact is that such a disease can go away in a child on its own by 6-7 years. As for adults, such a disease must be treated appropriately.
The onset of the disease can be caused by dental problems such as:
- missing one or more teeth in a row
- illiterately installed braces or prosthesis
- In these cases, treatment is started immediately after diagnosis.
Consequences of bruxism. If this disease has been observed in a person for quite a long time and is not easy to cure, it can provoke other serious diseases.
Problems that bruxism causes:
- loosening of teeth, fractures of teeth
- pathologically increased abrasion of tooth enamel and tooth tissue
- inflammation of periodontal tissues
- increased sensitivity of tooth enamel
- pathology of the temporomandibular joints
- spasms and pain of the muscles of the face.
When occurs, people may also develop complexes and internal discomfort. After all, teeth grinding sometimes repels people. Therefore, it is essential to contact a specialist on time who will prescribe the necessary treatment and advise the patient in detail.
Why does a person gnash their teeth?Bruxism is the involuntary grinding or clenching of teeth caused by the contraction of the masseter or temporalis muscles. Very often, bruxism is associated with overwork, overexcitation of the central nervous system. In this case, the advice of a neurologist will help.
Why does a grown adult grind their teeth?To carry out competent treatment, you need to figure out why a person grinds their teeth. The problem of bruxism is not always 100% dental. The condition is based on excessive overstrain, an increase in the tone of the chewing muscles.
Why are teeth grinding at night?Bruxism is a person’s natural reaction to a nervous shock, an overabundance of physical and mental activity, and emotional overstimulation. Teeth grinding at night can also result from large amounts of caffeine, alcohol, insomnia, or nightmares.
How to stop grinding your teeth while you sleep?To stop grinding your teeth in a dream, you should eliminate all dental problems. The most effective today is the treatment of bruxism with bioplastic night guards, for which they are put on the teeth and protect them from bruxism and abrasion.