Everyone is accustomed to the fact that a person’s arms and legs become numb. But when a feeling of numbness and familiar tingling occurs in the head, it surprises many. Moreover, this condition can be considered normal, but doctors are alarmed and conduct a full examination in some cases.
If the following day after dinner in an expensive restaurant is half the head, nothing is wrong with that. It is worth a little wait, and everything will pass, but in the future, watch your diet and limit the use of expensive cheeses combined with wine and chocolate. These products irritate the trigeminal nerve, which provokes migraines (numbness of the skin and pain in the head, often half of the head, rarely both trigeminal nerves are affected).
The main symptoms of head tingling
If head tingling occurs regularly, accompanied by fever, decreased hearing, visual acuity, poor coordination of movement, these are symptoms of a serious illness.
With headaches after a traumatic brain injury, circulatory disorders are likely, not an accident. If you do not pay attention to this, but rely on a lucky chance, thinking that everything will go away on its own, then later you will need an expensive operation.
Many people don’t understand what the cause of tingling is. This happens because the blood circulation in the brain is impaired (like a hand grows numb if you fall asleep on it). This provokes a lack of oxygen and the malfunction of the brain. Often leads to an excess of pressure in the other hemisphere, fraught with even a stroke. Because of this problem, the person:
- Poorly coordinates his movements.
- Suffers from problems with fine motor skills of the fingers.
- Can speak unintelligible words.
The brain cannot perform the same tasks as before, with the same speed and precision.
If head tingling occurs after a head injury, urgent hospitalization is needed, or stroke and cerebral bleeding may occur. If there was no injury, and the attacks of numbness begin suddenly and last more than 2 minutes, you should immediately consult a doctor.
The reasons that cause tingling
Several major neural clusters connect the brain to different parts of the face and head. Numbness can occur when nerves are inflamed, compressed, or damaged. Decreased or blocked blood supply can also cause tingling.
The reasons why numbness of the head can develop are varied. So, for example, if such a symptom appeared due to a cold, headaches, or an uncomfortable sleeping position, there is no need to worry. But if a person suffers from some kind of disease, takes some medications or has suffered an injury, you need to be on your guard. Head injury or concussion can cause numbness if nerves are damaged.
Under the loss of sensitivity, patients often understand various sensations, such as goosebumps, burning, tingling (the so-called paresthesia). It is essential to determine what exactly is meant by a decrease, lack of sensitivity, or paresthesia to find out why such sensations.
With paresthesias, sensitivity can be preserved, sometimes even enhanced. Less common are situations when paresthesias are combined with impaired sensitivity in this area (feeling of touch, pain sensitivity, injection, feeling of vibration, and others).
Paresthesias (without sensitivity reduction) can have multiple causes, and it is not always possible to determine the cause. For example, they can be side effects of certain medications or are associated with intense excitement, anxiety, especially when changing the localization of sensations.
Sensitivity disorders in a certain area of the head or face already require a detailed examination. The cause may be vascular disorders, nerve damage, and brain diseases. The one-sided and persistent nature of the violations requires a visit to a doctor and a detailed examination.
Diabetic neuropathy can cause permanent nerve damage, head tingling, and quite serious illnesses. Numbness is also a common symptom of multiple sclerosis, a chronic condition affecting the central nervous system.
What else can cause tingling?
- Allergic rhinitis.
- Brain tumor.
- Arterial hypertension.
- Epileptic seizures.
- Use of prohibited substances.
- Alcohol abuse.
- Taking anticonvulsants.
You should see your doctor right away if head tingling develops after starting the medication. You can supplement the list of causes of tingling in the head with headaches and cluster pains (pronounced pain syndrome), tension pains, migraines, encephalitis, Lyme disease, shingles, and dental infections.
Head tingling is sometimes only on one side. Or only the temple or the back of the head may suffer. Typically, these conditions signal the following diseases: Bell’s palsy, infections, acute migraine.
If you feel tingling at the back of your head, most likely you have caught a cold in a draft. It is best to wrap the problem area in a warm scarf to avoid complications. If this happens after sleep, it may indicate a clamping of the main arteries going to the brain. Subsequently, a symptom left unattended can develop into a serious illness.
Tingling the left side of the head is rare and irregular, massage and a more active lifestyle will help. If the right side of the head grows numb along with the hand, the cause may be a micro stroke in the brain. In case of the slightest suspicion of a serious illness, you should quickly seek help from a doctor because jokes are bad with your head.
Diagnostics for head tingling
Laboratory diagnostic methods include various clinical and diagnostic tests, depending on the suspected diagnosis. This can be a general blood test, urine, biochemical blood test, blood sugar level test, etc.
For instrumental diagnostics, MRI or CT of the head and cervical spine, radiography, electromyography, ultrasound of the neck vessels can be performed.
If the head is tingling, you need to know that this is only a disease symptom. The method of treating numbness of the head, neck, face depends directly on the disease identified during the diagnosis and aims to cure it. This can be medication, surgery, or manual therapy (massage, acupuncture).
How can a neurologist help?
Head tingling often occurs during sleep, it could be a sign that you are sleeping in a position that restricts blood flow to your head. Here you can try to cope with the problem of sleep correction. If this happens, try sleeping on your back or your side with your head and neck in a position that will not cause discomfort. If you are lying on your side, try placing a pillow between your knees to help align your back.
If numbness or headaches are present and physiological reasons for their development are excluded, it is worth visiting a specialist. You should consult a neurologist. He will conduct an examination and ask about your symptoms and medical history. He may also order one or more of the following tests to help determine the cause of the numbness in the head, blood tests, nerve conduction studies, and electromyography, MRI, computed tomography, nerve biopsy.
Because so many conditions cause head tingling, it can take some time to determine what is causing the characteristic symptoms.
If you have persistent headaches or start to feel head tingling frequently, see your doctor immediately. Do not ignore the pain and don’t self-medicate to avoid negative and irreversible consequences.