Even the most reliable mechanism breaks down from excessive loads. And such a thin, complex, and fragile apparatus like the human nervous system is no exception. Alas, nervous disorders are by no means uncommon today, and there is nothing strange about it. Modern life makes many demands, and we, trying to meet them, often overexert ourselves and experience stress. And from constant stress to nervous breakdown is only half a step.
What are system disorders? This is a whole group of neuropsychiatric diseases, which include, first of all, neuroses, depression, various psychosomatic disorders. Separately, it is worth mentioning such a phenomenon as a nervous breakdown, an acute phase of a nervous disorder, for example, neurosis.
Nervous disorders are more common than the common cold. Approximately 90% of the townspeople have encountered them at least once. However, it is difficult to keep statistics since many people prefer to endure life’s upheavals without going to doctors, without resorting to psychotherapy.
The danger of getting a nervous breakdown in the modern world is enormous. Almost everyone is in one or another risk group. To a greater extent, system disorders are susceptible to:
- Those with anxious personality types often worry about things that haven’t happened yet and constantly reproach themselves for past mistakes.
- Workaholics who work excessively and constantly overwork.
- Those who have relationship problems with friends, family members, colleagues.
- People who abuse alcohol, smokers, those who take drugs.
- People with low self-esteem.
- Overly responsible people with an excellent student complex.
- Those whose parents suffered from certain nervous disorders.
- People suffering from severe pathologies, especially diseases of the liver, thyroid gland, cancer.
- Those who are preparing for major life changes or have recently gone through them. It is not so important whether these changes were positive or not. The risk group includes those who have recently divorced or suffered loss, as well as newlyweds, young parents, and careerists who have received a long-awaited promotion.
Symptoms of nervous system disorders
The specific symptomatology depends on the type of disorder; however, there are general signs that appear in almost everyone who suffers from disorders of the nervous system:
- anxiety, dark thoughts, fear of the future
- constant fatigue, decreased performance, drowsiness
- inability to concentrate decreased attention;
- memory impairment
- obsessive thoughts.
Nervous disorders affect not only mood and behavior but the entire body as a whole. Sometimes physical signs of a nervous disease appear earlier than cognitive ones, and it is they that make people wonder if everything is all right? After all, many are accustomed to not paying attention to their state of mind, but deteriorating health is another matter. Most often, nervous disorders are accompanied by:
- headaches, dizziness
- shortness of breath, palpitations, feeling of a lump in the throat
- indigestion, loss of appetite
- pressure drops.
As a rule, system disorders are reactive states; in other words, they arise through the fault of some external circumstances and experiences. However, sometimes they are caused not by some events and related feelings, but by endogenous, or internal, causes, due to which the metabolism and structure of nerve cells are disrupted. These reasons are very diverse, from diet errors and malabsorption of certain vitamins necessary for the normal functioning of the nervous system to serious diseases of the endocrine system and oncological diseases.
Types of nervous system disorders
Nervous disorders are varied, but most often, people are faced with one of the following:
- Neurasthenia. This is the name for long-term depression of the nervous system, usually caused by prolonged stress. It is expressed by irritability, low mood, and decreased performance. With neurasthenia, people often complain of headaches, weakness, insomnia, and inability to concentrate. An agitated state is combined with lethargy and fatigue.
- Anxiety disorder. In this type of nervous disorder, the person is constantly focused on some disturbing thoughts and ideas. This state differs from delirium in that these ideas, in essence, are quite real. In other words, a person suffering from delusional ideas is afraid of being abducted by aliens. With an anxiety disorder, he cannot get rid of the fear of losing his job, betrayal, or illness. This type of nervous system disorder includes a variety of phobias. It should be noted that a person can understand that his fears are most likely unfounded, but he cannot stop thinking about them.
- Panic disorder. This type of disorder is characterized by sudden and unreasonable panic attacks and bouts of uncontrollable fear. During a panic attack, a person experiences an inexplicable horror; he begins to choke, sweat, dizziness, fear of death, tremors occur. Attacks last from a few minutes to half an hour and, in severe cases, occur daily. With mild panic disorder, attacks may occur only a few times a year, but the person constantly waits for a new attack and experiences nervousness.
- Depressive disorder. Although most people consider deep sadness to be the main symptom of depression, the disorder often manifests itself differently. Depressive disorder is not so much sadness as apathy; a loss of interest in everything previously seemed essential and interesting. Everything seems meaningless to a person in this state; he sees the future exclusively in black colors and is prone to self-deprecation. Depression is often accompanied by drowsiness or severe insomnia, loss of appetite, weight gain, or weight loss.
- Vegeto-vascular dystonia. Not being a nervous disorder in the literal sense of the word, vegetative-vascular dystonia is nevertheless associated with similar disorders. The autonomic nervous system controls the functioning of the entire body. It regulates the pressure and heart rate, prepares the muscles for tension, etc. In case of disturbances in its work, these mechanisms work inappropriately for the situation, for example, there is no danger, but the body reacts as if it is.
Sometimes, nervous system disorders are the result of brain damage from trauma or stroke.
Which doctor should you see if you have a nervous system disorder?
The best option would be a neuropsychiatric doctor who, to some extent, combines the functions of a neurologist and a psychiatrist. If it is not possible to sign up for this particular specialist, contact a psychiatrist or neurologist. The first deals with what is associated with mood and self-awareness, the second with the physical manifestations of disorders of the nervous system, such as insomnia, headache, concentration disorders.
A psychologist and a psychotherapist will help only when mental illnesses are excluded, the diagnosis has been made, and the main goal is to return a person to normal life.Treatment features of system disorders. Nervous disorders do not arise out of anywhere; they are always the result of either long-term stress or some kind of disease. Obviously, for a complete cure, you need to fight the cause, that is, change your life (revise your work schedule, end unpromising relationships, learn to communicate with people) or cure the underlying disease. However, this is a long process. That is why various remedies have been developed to treat nervous system disorders; all of these methods can alleviate the condition while there is a struggle with the root of all evil. The manifestations of nervous disorders are diverse, and the treatment should be complex; only then will it give the desired and lasting effect.