The fact that neurology includes the development of various methods of treatment that can be effective in any particular disease. Diseases of this group are treated by a special doctor – a neuropathologist (or a neurologist). It must be remembered that this branch of medicine consists of complex interrelationships with psychiatry, pediatrics and neurosurgery, and other medical sciences. It is closely related to many teachings and sciences because our brain is the most unexplored organ.
What does a neuropathologist do?
This issue is worth considering in more detail. The headache specialist is engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of those diseases that are somehow related to the activity of the nervous system (that is, the spinal cord, brain, and the entire peripheral system).
Among the most common diseases of this type can be found: strokes, neuritis, tumors of the spinal cord or brain, circulatory disorders. There is a tendency for most of these diseases to manifest themselves not individually, but in a certain complex, together with changes in mental and behavioral states (in this case, psychotherapists should also be involved in the work).
Pediatric neurology differs significantly from adult neurology. It is more obsessed and focused on diseases of the children’s nervous system.
Most of the chronic diseases with a very severe course arise precisely at a young age (epilepsy), but the children’s nervous system differs significantly from the adult, so it was necessary to single out a whole branch of medicine that would deal exclusively with this issue.
What diseases can a neurologist cure?
Very often, neurology diseases proceed along with paralysis, mental disorder, loss of sensitivity, or seizures. To be more precise, neurologists deal with such diseases as:
- Back pain (osteochondrosis)
- headache (tics, tremors)
- convulsions (loss of consciousness)
- strokes and all the ensuing consequences
- Parkinson’s disease.
- As you can see, the diseases that neuroscientists deal with are completely different in terms of symptoms, etymology, and the course of the disease. But one way or another, they are associated precisely with any disorders of the nervous system, and this is a very fragile system, the slightest mistake which can lead to very serious consequences.
What does neurology study?
Neurology is a branch of medicine that studies diseases of the central (brain and spinal cord) and peripheral (peripheral nerves, muscles) nervous system. This is a very large specialty, in which several major areas stand out. Each neurologist must have an understanding of all areas and, as a rule, have his own narrow specialization.
Several major areas can be identified very conditionally.
- The first is vascular diseases of the nervous system, for example, ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes or vascular lesions that supply blood to the central and peripheral nervous system.
- The second direction is demyelinating diseases of the nervous system with brain damage (for example, multiple sclerosis and Balo concentric sclerosis) or structures of the peripheral nervous system. The latter include, for example, Guillain-Barré syndrome and other polyneuropathies.
- The third area is epilepsy. Accordingly, epileptologists are involved in the diagnosis and treatment of various types of epilepsy.
A separate group is doctors who deal with headaches. This is a very common and socially significant problem that requires a qualified approach.
At the junction of neurology and infectious diseases, there are infectious lesions of the nervous system. Another related area of neurology is autoimmune diseases of the nervous system; These are diseases associated with a violation of the function of human immunity when the immune system mistakenly begins to attack its own cells, which can lead to damage to various parts of the nervous system.
It should also highlight doctors who specialize in vertebral neurology and deal with osteochondrosis of the spine and other diseases of the spinal column, leading to damage to the structures of the nervous system.
What competencies are required for this profession?
- It should be understood that future doctors begin their training with anatomical theater, and accordingly, they should be able to transfer everything that is hidden behind this process.
- The second is the ability to communicate with people, and even more so with patients. Dealing with patients requires communication skills, patience, and endurance.
- Speaking about the work of a neurologist, one must always remember that diseases of the nervous system change both the human psyche and his way of communicating, and one must be prepared, among other things, for unusual or inappropriate patient behavior.
- It is necessary to go to medicine for those who are determined to constantly replenish their knowledge and to directly help people. There is no easy money and no easy job here. You can, of course, sit in the clinic for working hours, or you can carefully study each patient, constantly engage in self-education, read literature, attend conferences.
All this will lead to professional growth, followed by a salary and a good job. No matter how trite it may sound, a good specialist will always be snapped up.
Is there something that interferes with work or from which the neurologist gets tired?
In this profession, you need to be prepared for the fact that any disease, not only neurological or psychiatric, somehow changes a person, his thinking, and the manner of interacting with other people, which requires a lot of patience. Of course, this comes with a certain amount of stress.